Where is FBM KLCI heading?

Collaborative endeavours and a steadfast commitment to reform can create an attractive investment landscape 

THE FTSE Bursa Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Composite Index (FBM KLCI) has been trading lower over the past few weeks, breaking through the psychological support level of 1,400 on June 8th to hit a 52-week low. 

Several global issues — including post-pandemic impacts, the escalating hostilities between Russia and Ukraine, and overstimulus in the US which have led to a higher inflation and caused the US Federal Reserve (Fed) to increase its interest rate — are among the main factors to be blamed by the financial experts on this underperformance. They added that supply constraints and rising commodity prices had a negative impact, which bring a tantrum on the financial markets all over the world. 

But major indices in the US, Japan and Singapore have all exhibited some gains and touched 52-week highs this month, while the FBM KLCI has fallen by 7.15% over that time. Furthermore, the value of the Malaysian ringgit (MYR) has fallen by 4.92% since January against the US dollar (USD). 

These elements, together with the underwhelming stock market results and the depreciating currency, have fuelled criticism of Prime Minister (PM) Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim and his government. The current situation has turned into a terrifying nightmare for the PM since they had relentlessly attacked the previous government’s handling of the stock market and the strength of the MYR relative to the USD when they were in the Opposition. 

The irony is now painfully obvious as they come under great scrutiny for falling short of their own words and standards, leading the public to doubt their leadership and capability to deal with the current economic issues. 

First and foremost, it is crucial for current and future leaders to break free from the practice of associating themselves with a government’s success during favourable stock market performance or a strong MYR, only to conveniently distance themselves when the tides turn against them. This selective engagement undermines their credibility and erodes public trust. 

While some financial analyst said that political stability can be a catalyst for driving the index forward, but the appointment of Anwar in November 2022, with an impressive 148 seats and a commanding two-thirds majority, has failed to propel the index 2021 beyond the 1,600 mark. Furthermore, the upcoming six state elections, expected to be held by August, have dampened investor interest in our stock market. 

While state elections are generally not a medium of change for a PM, it serves as a barometer for gauging the strength of the federal government led by Anwar. Any loss of majority or inability to defend the states under their governance would signal a significant blow, indicating that the current government, forged through a delicate alliance between former adversaries, is facing rejection by the people. Additionally, this will lead potential investors to believe that other destinations would be a better choice for their investment funds since the political climate in this country has yet to stabilise. 

Our stock market performed well when oil prices topped US$100 (RM462.35) per barrel, but it suffered severely when they dropped to just US$27 per barrel in 2015. This trend shows a clear association between the success of our stock market and oil prices. 

Similar to how our gloves and healthcare stocks shone throughout the pandemic-caused economic downturn as they demonstrated tenacity in the face of difficulty. But because they were so dependent on the pandemic, the availability and rollover campaign of vaccines caused these stocks to crash. 

In addition, a few public-listed companies had established an international cooperative with China, our main trading partner, by taking advantage of that country’s expanding economy and luring their capital to our exchange. Unfortunately, this surge was short-lived, especially once the pandemic hit and the Chinese government put strict controls in place to contain the pandemic. 

In order for Bursa Malaysia to reclaim its position as a leading regional market, the Economy Minister Rafizi Ramli emphasised the imperative of prioritising technological advancement and innovation during Invest Fair 2023. This entails embracing structural reforms that focus on resource allocation towards high-value and high-growth sectors, alongside fiscal consolidation measures. By implementing these reforms, companies listed on Bursa can position themselves to leverage the flow of capital and attract long-term investors, revitalising the market. 

However, it is evident that Bursa Malaysia and the FBM KLCI are currently facing stagnation, necessitating the identification of fresh catalysts to propel the market forward. Traders and fund managers eagerly seek such catalysts, highlighting the importance of exploring new avenues for growth and innovation to reignite investor interest and drive sustainable progress in Bursa Malaysia. 

The concerted efforts of the PM cum finance minister, the economy minister, Cabinet members and civil servants are imperative in driving comprehensive economic reforms aimed at revitalising our economy and attracting investors to Malaysia and Bursa Malaysia. By diligently focusing on reform initiatives, such as improving regulatory frameworks, streamlining bureaucracy, and fostering an environment conducive to business and investment, the government can instil confidence in potential investors and enhance Malaysia’s competitiveness on the global stage. 

It is through these collaborative endeavours and a steadfast commitment to reform that we can create an attractive investment landscape, paving the way for sustainable economic growth and positioning Malaysia as a preferred destination for investors seeking promising opportunities in Bursa Malaysia. 

  • Dr Izaan Azyan Abdul Jamil is a financial management and banking lecturer, as well as a project manager of FBEA-AACSB, at Universiti Malaysia Sabah’s Faculty of Business, Economic and Accountancy. 

  • This article first appeared in The Malaysian Reserve weekly print edition