Anwar’s new challenge is finding a champion for Malaysia’s economy

The newly elected PM now needs to find a finance minister who can steer the economy and help him hold onto power

PRIME Minister (PM) Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim promised a unity government to stabilise the country. Now he needs to find a finance minister who can steer the economy and help him hold onto power.

His pick must present a budget next month that can shield the country’s fragile recovery amid concerns of a global slowdown next year. Inflation is elevated and the still-weak currency has made living costs untenable for low and middle-income households.

The job, which involves overseeing big projects to boost the economy and setting strategy for Malaysia’s state investment funds, is widely seen as a training ground for future PMs. Past leaders at times have appointed loyal technocrats or simply taken on the finance portfolio themselves.

There’s no reason to pick a political nobody, “except in the case where the PM wants to stay in charge”, said Woo Wing Thye, professor emeritus at University of California at Davis who focuses on East Asian economies.

“The finance minister’s job is to identify good projects and have the political standing to be able to push what he thinks to be the right economic stance for the government,” he added.

Anwar has numerous candidates to consider given he heads a coalition made up of at least four political groups. Here’s a look at the top candidates:

Several BN lawmakers have publicly said Mohamad should be 1 of Anwar’s 2 DPMs (pic: HUSSIEN SHAHARUDDIN/TMR)

Mohamad Hasan

Datuk Seri Mohamad Hasan is the deputy president of Umno, the linchpin of Barisan Nasional (BN) that joined Anwar’s government last week. He had a 25-year career in banking and the corporate sector before being elected to public office in 2004. He served as chief minister of a tiny state next to Kuala Lumpur, where he’s credited with reducing the region’s debt and boosting economic growth.

Mohamad was the election director for the Umno-led coalition and actively pushed then-PM Datuk Seri Ismail Sabri Yaakob to call for snap elections so it could capitalise on a string of local poll victories. The coalition lost significant ground and Mohamad was initially reluctant to join Anwar’s government. Several BN lawmakers have publicly said he should be one of Anwar’s two DPMs.

Johari Abdul Ghani

A trained accountant, Datuk Seri Johari Abdul Ghani is best known for running fast-food franchise KFC Holdings (M) Bhd in the 1990s. He’s a long-time Umno member and came to the forefront when he won a seat in Kuala Lumpur in 2013. Three years later, then-PM Datuk Seri Mohd Najib Razak named him second finance minister as part of a Cabinet reshuffle that rewarded party loyalists.

Even though his boss held primary control over federal finances, it was Johari who spoke publicly about the escalating crisis of 1Malaysia Development Bhd (1MDB) and its billions of dollars of debt. He’s helped buy over Umno’s stake in companies like KUB Malaysia Bhd in 2019 to help the party stay afloat after some of its bank accounts were frozen in relation to 1MDB.

Johari lost his parliamentary seat in 2018 but won it back in last week’s election as he was seen by the majority Malay voters in the district as a capable administrator.

Rafizi Ramli

Rafizi Ramli was swept up in the “reformasi movement” protesting Anwar’s sacking as DPM in 1998. He worked as an accountant with state oil and gas producer Petroliam Nasional Bhd for about six years before quitting to focus on politics with Anwar and his party.

He was elected to Parliament in 2013 and focused on exposing corruption related to Najib and his government, including 1MDB. His revelations helped fuel public anger against Umno and led to its historic defeat in 2018, though he was ineligible to defend his seat as he was appealing a jail sentence for leaking contents of a 1MDB audit report. He was acquitted in 2019.

Rafizi returned to the political fray earlier this year. His team swept most of the positions in Anwar’s party and he now holds its powerful deputy president position.

Azman Mokhtar

Tan Sri Azman Mokhtar worked at Malaysia’s electric utility and cycled through a series of finance jobs before taking the reins of the sovereign wealth fund, Khazanah Nasional Bhd, in 2004. He’s the longest-serving MD of the fund, which is owned by the Finance Ministry, making him well acquainted with the inner workings of government.

He oversaw the fund’s international expansion and led investments in healthcare, technology and creative industries while formulating deals to invest in an assortment of local companies. From mid-2004 through 2017, it notched average annual compound gains of 9.6%, trailing the 10% return of the KLCI Index.

He was regarded as part of then-PM Najib’s inner circle, advising him on the economy and capital markets. After Najib and Umno’s historic defeat in the 2018 elections, Azman and the Khazanah board stepped down. They had come under scrutiny by Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad, who became PM a second time and said the fund invested in too many companies.

Nazir Razak

Tan Sri Nazir Razak was born into political royalty as the son of the Malaysia’s second PM and the younger brother of Najib. He joined CIMB Group Holdings Bhd in the late 1980s and oversaw its rapid expansion, including a hostile takeover of Southern Bank.

After stepping down as CIMB CEO in 2014, but keeping the chairman role, Nazir became increasingly critical of the government’s handling of 1MDB and its impact on Malaysia. The country needs to “fix our moral compass and deal with our structural problems”, he said in 2016.

Shortly after, he took a leave of absence while CIMB probed a US$7 million (RM31.57 million) transfer to his personal bank account from Najib, which had surfaced as part of the scandal. He was cleared and remained chairman until 2018.

Nazir has said he wants to broaden policies that now favour the Malays to also benefit ethnic groups in the lower-income bracket. He’s in the mix as many in corporate Malaysia regard him as a known entity who understands what’s needed to restart the economy.

Widely liked by Malaysians across political spectrum, Loke is well-positioned to get a key Cabinet role (pic: TMR)

Anthony Loke

Anthony Loke was widely liked by Malaysians across political spectrum when he was transport minister under Mahathir’s short-lived administration from 2018. That’s because he’s played a big role in renegotiating costly infrastructure contracts struck under Najib’s government and making public transport more efficient.

Holding the powerful secretary general role in DAP — the largest in Anwar’s coalition — Loke is well positioned to get a key Cabinet role. However, the centre-left party, which drew the support of Chinese and Indian voters, is likely to defer Cabinet positions to Malay lawmakers to ensure the coalition remains stable.

Anwar Ibrahim

The newly appointed PM told reporters last week that he’s not considering taking the role, at least at the moment. But such decisions can change and after all, Anwar’s predecessors Najib and Mahathir both took charge of the state finances toward the end of their reigns.
Anwar was finance minister in Mahathir’s Cabinet for seven years and got fired at the height of the 1998 financial crisis after a falling out with his boss over the economy, in particular foreign exchange and capital controls. Mahathir wanted a low-interest rate environment with more spending while Anwar advocated a tighter monetary policy with austerity measures. — Bloomberg