CHINA committed “serious human rights abuses” against ethnic Muslims in the Xinjiang region and may be guilty of crimes against humanity, the top United Nations rights official said in a report that the government in Beijing had tried to block.
The report from UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet (picture) cited testimony alleging “patterns of torture or other forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment” as part of a campaign that China said is aimed at clamping down on extremism and terrorism. It said holy places such as the Imam Asim Shrine in southern Xinjiang had been demolished.
Detentions of Uyghurs and other Muslim groups, along with a broader campaign of restrictions and rights violations “may constitute international crimes, in particular crimes against humanity,” Bachelet said.
“The report gives credence to the widespread deprivation of liberty in re-education centers, the torture and sexual violence found there, the likelihood of forced labor, the assault on religious and cultural rights,” said William Nee, research and advocacy coordinator at Chinese Human Rights Defenders.
The US and other nations have labeled China’s treatment of the Uyghurs “genocide,” though that word did not appear in the Bachelet report.
Smears and Slanders
In its response, included with the report’s publication, China said the assessment ignores rights achievements made by the Chinese government, goes against the mandate of Bachelet’s office and “wantonly smears and slanders China.”
“The Chinese government, pursuing a people-centered approach, upholds that living a happy life is the primary human right and has embarked on a human rights development path which conforms to the trend of the times,” the government said.
Bachelet, a former president of Chile, became the first UN human rights chief since 2005 to visit China, in a trip that rights groups criticized because they said China wouldn’t let her take an accurate measure of the government’s rights record in Xinjiang. She later acknowledged she’d faced “limitations” and hadn’t been able to meet detained Uyghurs.
Her report comes less than a month after a UN slavery expert found claims of forced labor in Xinjiang to be “reasonable.” Wednesday’s report urged China to grant UN agencies and officials “unrestricted” visits to Xinjiang. – Bloomberg