Hong Kong, China – Crude surged past $113 a barrel Wednesday and equities sank with investors growing increasingly fearful about the Ukraine war’s impact on global energy supplies and the economic recovery.
Russian President Vladimir Putin’s invasion of his neighbour has sent world markets into a spiral over the past week, further fraying nerves on trading floors caused by runaway inflation and tighter central bank monetary policies.
The crisis has seen numerous countries hammer Moscow with a series of wide-ranging sanctions that have isolated Russia and threaten to crash its economy.
The measures have injected a huge amount of uncertainty into markets with supplies of crucial commodities including metals and grains soaring. The price of global staple wheat is sitting at a 14-year high — having risen 30 percent in the past month.
But the main source of unease on trading floors is crude, which has rocketed since Russia began preparing to invade. On Wednesday Brent topped $110 for the first time since 2014 and WTI followed suit hours later to hit a 2013 high.
In afternoon Asian trade, Brent rose as high as $113.02 and WTI peaked at $111.50.
Incoming sanctions have fuelled worries that exports will be cut off from Russia, the world’s third-biggest producer of the commodity.
The conflict in eastern Europe comes with prices already elevated owing to tight supplies and a strong recovery in global demand as economies reopen from pandemic-induced lockdowns.
Traders will be keeping a close eye on a meeting of OPEC and other major producers, including Russia, later in the day where they will discuss whether to ramp up output to temper the price rises, which are helping fan inflation.
In his State of the Union address, President Joe Biden said the United States would join a 30-country deal to release 60 million barrels to help temper the surge in prices, though analysts have warned such moves would likely only have a limited impact.
The oil price surge has compounded fears about inflation as it sits at a 40-year high in the United States and hurts Americans in the pocket even as the economy rebounds from the pandemic shock.
However, the Ukraine crisis has given the Fed another headache as it is forced to rethink its plans to hike interest rates to get consumer prices under control.
It had been widely expected to lift this month and then up to seven times more before the end of the year, but commentators say it will likely tone down its hawkishness for fear of damaging the recovery.
“The supply chain issues and inflationary pressures will be top of mind for many investors globally,” Andy McCormick at T. Rowe Price said.
“These things will almost certainly complicate the already difficult task that central banks were facing trying to battle inflation.”
And Uma Pattarkine, of CenterSquare Investment Management, told Bloomberg Television: “The market was looking at anywhere up to seven rate hikes this year — I think it will be closer to maybe the three or four we were anticipating at the very beginning of this conversation.”
Fed boss Jerome Powell’s two days of congressional testimony will be closely watched this week for an idea about the bank’s thinking.
Wall Street and European markets tumbled Tuesday and the losses largely flowed through to Asia, which had enjoyed two days of relative calm though the selling was not as severe.
Tokyo, Hong Kong, Mumbai and Manila lost more than one percent, while there were also losses in Shanghai, Singapore, Taipei, Jakarta, Bangkok and Wellington. However, Sydney and Seoul eked out marginal gains.
Paris and Frankfurt opened lower but London edged up.
– Key figures around 0820 GMT –
Brent North Sea crude: UP 7.3 percent at $112.64 per barrel
West Texas Intermediate: UP 7.3 percent at $110.99 per barrel
Tokyo – Nikkei 225: DOWN 1.7 percent at 26,393.03 (close)
Hong Kong – Hang Seng Index: DOWN 1.8 percent at 22,343.92 (close)
Shanghai – Composite: DOWN 0.1 percent at 3,484.19 (close)
London – FTSE 100: UP 0.7 percent at 7,379.85
Euro/dollar: DOWN at $1.1093 from $1.1126 late Tuesday
Pound/dollar: DOWN at $1.3292 from $1.3326
Euro/pound: UP at 83.46 pence from 83.46 pence
Dollar/yen: UP at 115.22 yen from 114.90 yen
New York – Dow: DOWN 1.8 percent 33,294.95 (close)