Categories: World

More than 9,000 tree species still undiscovered: study

by AFP

WASHINGTON – Researchers estimate there are significantly more species of trees on Earth than currently known, with more than 9,000 species yet to be discovered, according to a study published Monday.

“Estimating the number of tree species is essential to inform, optimize, and prioritize forest conservation efforts across the globe,” said the study, which was published in the US National Academy of Sciences journal PNAS and involved dozens of scientists.

About 64,100 tree species have already been identified.

But according to the study, which is based on a more complete database and uses a more advanced statistical method than previous ones, the total number of tree species is about 73,300 — 14 percent more.

That means about 9,200 species have not yet been discovered.

Overall, the study said that “roughly” 43 percent of all tree species are found in South America, followed by Eurasia (22 percent), Africa (16 percent), North America (15 percent) and Oceania (11 percent).

Half to two-thirds of all known species are found in tropical or subtropical rainforests on five different continents, the researchers estimated.

A large proportion of the species yet to be discovered should therefore be found in these same regions, where fewer surveys are conducted.

Additionally, nearly a third of the world’s tree species are scientifically classified as rare, with low populations in limited regions. These species are therefore more vulnerable to the threat of extinction.

Only 0.1 percent of species are found in all five of the regions identified by the study.

South America also has the highest proportion of endemic species, or species only present on that continent, at 49 percent.

“These results highlight the vulnerability of global tree species diversity,” the study authors said, especially in the face of changes to the land due to human activity, and “future climate.”

“Losing regions of forest that contain these rare species will have direct and potentially long-lasting impacts on the global species diversity and their provisioning of ecosystem services.”

Species surveys are very time-consuming and present many challenges, including lack of access to certain areas and consistency of identification, and several botanists may characterize the same species slightly differently.

Zukri

Recent Posts

In Industry First: Binance Expands its VIP Invitation Program to Invite Users Trading Traditional Assets

New users can aggregate volume from up to two crypto and/or TradFi trading venues to…

26 mins ago

SANY’s Commitment to Carbon Neutrality: Paving the Way for a Sustainable Future

SHANGHAI, Feb. 28, 2024 /CNW/ -- On January 26th, the first International Clean Energy Day, as…

28 mins ago

TotalEnergies Marketing Canada signs a 5-year agreement with Boss Lubricants for the distribution of its lubricants in Canada’s Western provinces

MONTREAL, Feb. 28, 2024 /CNW/ - TotalEnergies Marketing Canada Inc. is pleased to announce the…

30 mins ago

Palatin Announces Results of PL9643 MELODY-1 Pivotal Phase 3 Clinical Trial in Patients with Dry Eye Disease (DED)

On an Intent-to-Treat Analysis, Co-Primary Symptom Endpoint Met, Statistical Significance (P<0.025)Multiple Secondary Symptom Endpoints Met,…

34 mins ago

Lindblad Expeditions Holdings, Inc. Reports 2023 Fourth Quarter Financial Results and Full Year Financial Results

Full Year 2023 Highlights: Total revenues increased 35% to $569.5 millionNet loss available to stockholders…

34 mins ago

Limiting foreign labour could make staffing challenges even worse for small businesses

TORONTO, Feb. 28, 2024 /CNW/ - The federal government's abrupt changes to the international student…

34 mins ago