EC: Energy consumption increased by 2.8% in 2019

Malaysia has shown improvement in using energy efficiently, as shown by the reduction in energy intensity

by FAYYADH JAAFAR 

THE Malaysian Energy Commission (EC) stated total energy supply increased by 2.8% while total energy consumption increased by 2.8% to 66,483 kilotonnes of oil equivalent (ktoe) in 2019 due to the growth in the economy.

EC’s CEO, Abdul Razib Dawood said energy consumption in Malaysia will continue to rise as energy has become more viable.

“Malaysia has shown improvement in using energy efficiently, as shown by the reduction in energy intensity,” he told reporters in a virtual briefing on the National Energy Balance (NEB) 2019 annual publication yesterday.

The total primary energy supply in 2019 was 98,609ktoe, which is an increase of 2,700 ktoe over 2018.

All fuels recorded an increase except for coal, which showed a negative growth of 5.5%. Natural gas has the biggest share of 42%, followed by crude oil, petroleum products and others at 33.3%, coal and coke at

21.4% and renewable energy (RE) at 3.4%. “Malaysia has seen a rapid growth in RE with the initiation of low sulphur sulphuric acid and National Energy Market programmes. RE will continue to play a significant role in decarbonising the power sector,” he added.

The industrial and transport sectors still dominate, constituting almost three-quarters of the total energy consumption in 2019, followed by the non-energy sector, commercial, residential and agriculture sectors with their shares of 20.5%, 7%, 5%, and 1.4%, respectively.

The report also stated that the final energy intensity dropped from 47.41 tonnes of oil equivalent (toes) per RM million to 46.68toes per RM million.

Electricity intensity also decreased at a rate of 0.9% from 0.112 GWh/RM million to 0.111 GWh/RM million, which indicates an improvement in efficiency.

In 2019, a better indication of elasticity is observed in the final energy with a value of 0.64, while electricity shows a value of 0.85.

The NEB covers three major areas that are energy supply, energy transformation and energy consumption for all fuel types, including natural gas, liquified natural gas, crude oil, petroleum products, coal and coke, electricity and RE.

The data was compiled from over 60 data providers, including government agencies, utility companies, independent power producers, co-generators, self-generators, oil and gas companies, and cement and steel manufacturers.