by BERNAMA/ pic by MUHD AMIN NAHARUL
PROMINENT economist Professor Dr Jomo Kwame Sundaram (picture) has urged the government to subsidise public transport instead of giving fuel subsidies, as it would help the masses who depend on it.
“Who uses more fuel? Car owners. The bottom 20% have no cars, not even motorcycles. They depend on public transport,” he said, adding that the government should think about subsidising public transportation for the bottom 70%, and think less about the top 30%.
He told reporters this when asked to comment on the government’s move to remove the existing petrol subsidy mechanism and gradually float the RON95 petrol price in Peninsular Malaysia, starting Jan 1, 2020.
Earlier, he chaired a panel discussion titled “Growth and Development” at the two-day Khazanah Megatrends Forum 2019, which began yesterday.
“The Malaysian government has been trying to reduce this subsidy. Fuel subsidies in all countries are basically benefitting the middle class rather than the low income group,” he said, adding that Malaysia is one of the countries with the highest car ownership in the world.
Jomo, who is also a senior research advisor at the Khazanah Research Institute, said the government should think about other development opportunities, including the move to biodiesel.
Asked on the government’s proposal to liberalise the energy sector, he said the government has committed towards boosting the use of renewable energy and that should be the priority.
“When the Independent Power Producer projects were given to companies, many of them were generating electricity using diesel. “But now, they are using coal, which is a step backwards, as there are a lot of sulphides and sulphites going into the atmosphere and adversely affecting people’s health,” he added.