Malaysia’s labour force up 2.1% in 2Q19, says DoSM chief statistician

The local workforce is 70% dominated by male workers with a total 9.5m, while females comprise 6.1m, says Mohd Uzir


THE country’s labour force saw an improvement in the second quarter of the year (2Q19) with an increase of 2.1% to 15.6 million workers compared to the previous year’s corresponding quarter.

Department of Statistics Malaysia (DoSM) chief statistician Datuk Seri Dr Mohd Uzir Mahidin (picture) said the local workforce is 70% dominated by male workers with a total 9.49 million, while females comprise 6.11 million.

“The number of labour force for both males and females increased by 23,000 and 49,000 persons respectively compared to 1Q19. The employed workers also recorded an increase of 2.1% in the same period to 15.08 million persons compared to the same quarter of the previous year.

“A quarter-on-quarter comparison showed that the labour force and employed workers increased 0.5% respectively in 2Q19 compared to the previous quarter,” he said in a quarterly report last Friday.

According to the report, the number of skilled workforce increased 2.48% year-on-year (YoY) to 4.13 million or 27.4% of the total workforce in 2Q19 from 4.03 million in 2Q18.

It added that the semi-skilled workers — which represent the bulk of the country’s workforce— were at 59.8% or 9.02 million in 2Q19, an increase from nine million in 2018.

The country’s low-skilled workers in 2Q19 increased to 1.93 million or 12.8% from 1.78 million in 2Q18.

Mohd Uzir said the country’s labour force participation rate (LFPR) in 2Q19 rose 0.4 in percentage points to 68.8% compared to 68.4% a year ago.

“Female involvement in the LFPR in 2Q19 rose 0.5 percentage points YoY to 55.8%, while the male participation increased by 0.3 percentage points to 80.8% compared to a year ago.

“Another 31.2% of the working age population were outside the labour force,” he said.

The report said the female participation rate in the labour market between the ages of 25 and 34 are 73%; ages 35-44, 67.6%; and ages 45-54, 62%.

Meanwhile, the male participation rate between the ages of 25 and 34 is 96.2%; 35-44, 97.5%; and 45-54, 94.3%.

The unemployment rate between May and June this year remained at 3.3% with 520,600 unemployed individuals.

“The number of unemployed persons recorded a total of 520,600 persons, an increase of 1.9% compared to the same quarter of the previous year,” Mohd Uzir said.