There are more men than women in the younger age groups, but more women in the old age group
by S BIRRUNTHA/ pic by BERNAMA
MALAYSIA has more men than women, as reported by the latest figures released by the Statistics Department.
According to the Current Population Estimates 2018-2019, which presents the mid-year population numbers, the male population in the country had increased to 16.8 million from 16.7 million in 2018, while the female population had increased to 15.8 million from 15.7 million in the previous year.
The statistics also showed that Malaysia now has more males in both young (0-14 years) and working age (15-64 years) groups.
On the other hand, there are more females in the old age group (65 years and over) in the year under review.
To be exact, 1.13 million women are in the old age group compared to 1.06 million men in the category.
Chief statistician Datuk Seri Dr Mohd Uzir Mahidin (picture) said in a statement that the trend shows Malaysia is moving in line with developed countries towards an ageing society.
The population of those between 15 and 64 years old, which is considered as the working age Malaysians, had increased from 22.51 million in 2018 to 22.8 million in the second quarter of 2019 (2Q19).
He added that those aged 65 and above also increased from 2.07 million to 2.17 million over the same period of time.
In terms of sex ratio, the number remained at 107 males per 100 females, a figure that has been consistent since 2013.
The non-citizen ratio shows there are 163 males per 100 females in 2019. According to the report, the overall population in the country for this year is estimated at 32.6 million, an increase from 32.4 million that was reported last year.
The current total population comprises 90.2% (29.4 million) of citizens and 9.8% (3.2 million) of non-citizens.
The total population for 1Q19 was 29.31 million citizens while the remaining 3.35 million were non-citizens.
Mohd Uzir said Selangor recorded the highest population of 6.54 million, while Putrajaya had the lowest number (92,640).
The report also stated the annual population growth rate decreased to 0.6% in 2019 compared to 1.1% in 2018.
The decline in growth was attributed to the decrease in both fertility rates and net international migration.
The population aged between 15 and 64 years old (working age) also increased to 70% in 2019 from 69.7% in 2018 — the increase contributed to the incline of the median age in 2019, which was 28.9 years.
Meanwhile, the population for those aged between 0 and 14 years old, which is categorised as the young age group, had decreased from 23.8% in 2018 to 23.3% this year.
The number of Malaysians below the age of 14 saw a decrease from 7.71 million in 2018 to 7.69 million this year.