ECB will need monetary-policy case for tiering

FRANKFURT • The European Central Bank’s (ECB) chief economist said there needs to be a solid monetary-policy case before officials act to mitigate side effects of negative interest rates on banks.

ECB staff are examining the issue of tiering — where some of the banks’ excess reserves are exempt from the lowest rate — but action isn’t a done deal, Peter Praet (picture) said in a Bloomberg interview.

“For tiering, we need to be convinced that it would address a monetary-policy question in an efficient way,’’ he said. “We have to be ready for all the possible instruments that we could use.’’

The language about a monetary-policy case echoes that used by president Mario Draghi at the start of this year about a possible new round of long-term loans. Those were subsequently announced this month.

Praet’s view comes in the wake of comments from Draghi about maintaining the positive effects of sub-zero rates, while reviewing any negative fallout. The remark was taken by investors as an assurance that the ECB is ready to ease a squeeze on profit margins produced by banks’ inability to pass on costs.

European bank stocks fell yesterday, with the Euro Stoxx Banks Index trading 0.9% lower at 11:30am Frankfurt time.

Interest in the topic has increased after a more persistent than expected slowdown forced a sharp downward revision in the ECB’s projections for growth and inflation and a delay in plans to raise borrowing costs. Economic confidence fell more than expected in March to the lowest level since 2016.

“The perspective of low rates for longer has triggered the debate about the side effects of a negative rates,” Praet said. “When you look at the economy today and the lending channel, we don’t see any particular problem,” but “with the weakening economy, it may happen in the future. So, you have to be ready”.

Facilities to help banks are a current focus of the ECB. Praet, whose term on the Executive Board expires in May, said details on the new long-term loans — which offer cheap funding for banks — are likely to be revealed at the ECB’s June meeting, when policymakers will have new economic forecasts.

“The next assessment of the economy in June will probably be a reasonably good timing to make an announcement on targeted longer-term refinancing operations before the first operation comes in September,’’ Praet said.

The ECB has been vague about the parameters of the programme, suggesting policymakers want flexibility to fine tune the tool to address whatever problem the economy faces when the loans are handed out. So far, they have only revealed that they will offer seven rounds of two-year funding, between September and March 2021, with the interest rate linked to the institution’s benchmark and an incentive for extending credit.

“The pricing of the new round will depend very much on the Governing Council’s assessment of the conditions on the lending markets and on what sort of incentives should be provided to banks,” Praet said. “It’s too early to tell.” — Bloomberg