Questions linger following invalidated ballots and accusations of skewed numbers
BANGKOK • Seven political parties formed a coalition in Thailand yesterday, vowing to thwart a military-backed proxy in a bid to end years of junta rule following the country’s first election since a 2014 coup.
A junta-aligned party and its main rival have both claimed the right to govern the country after Sunday’s vote, prompting a political standoff.
Questions over irregularities are swirling following invalidated ballots and accusations of skewed numbers.
Pheu Thai, affiliated with self-exiled former Prime Minister (PM) Thaksin Shinawatra, joined forces with six other parties in a bid to halt military-backed factions from leading the country.
“We want to stop the regime from hanging onto power,” Pheu Thai’s prime ministerial candidate Sudarat Keyuraphan told reporters.
“Pro-democracy parties received the most trust and consensus by the people,” she added, conceding that final results have not yet been released.
Thailand has been ruled by a junta since a 2014 putsch led by General Prayut Chan-O-Cha, the prime ministerial candidate for the Phalang Pracharat Party.
But Phalang Pracharat stunned the pro-democracy camp by winning the popular vote on Sunday with 7.6 million ballots, according to preliminary results.
Its main rival Pheu Thai got 400,000 fewer votes, but is now aiming to take the majority of seats in the lower house with its newly-formed coalition.
The seven-party bloc claimed it would take 255 out of the 500 lower house seats that are up for grabs — but with all official results yet to be confirmed, the numbers are not ironclad.
A clearer picture of the lower house could emerge as early as tomorrow when more comprehensive figures are expected to be released.
But the party still cannot elect a PM without commanding more than half — or 376 — of all 750 seats in the combined lower and upper houses.
The balance of power is stacked in the junta’s favour thanks to a charter it drafted creating 250 military-appointed upper house seats.
That means non-military parties like Pheu Thai need an avalanche of votes in order to elect a PM.
The coalition formed yesterday does not include two other high-profile parties — Bhumjaithai and the Democrat Party — which together have around 70 seats so far and whose allegiances are still up for grabs.
In the meantime, Phalang Pracharat is expected to seek its own allied bloc.
Sunday’s election had been repeatedly delayed and was seen as a test for Thailand’s tattered democracy, which has seen at least 12 coups since 1932.
Phalang Pracharat did better than expected by clinching the most popular votes, and the junta-backed party dismissed the coalition’s claim to be the democratic choice.
“Please stop using ‘democratic front’ because in this election, no matter how many votes each party receives, everyone enters the election democratically,” the party’s secretary general Sontirat Sontijirawong told reporters.
Its leader said the party is confident, but is waiting to see how many seats it will get.
A small protest was held outside its party headquarters yesterday, led by activist Ekachai Hongkangwan who cautioned potential allies from joining forces with Phalang Pracharat.
“I don’t want any snakes to enter the party,” he said, throwing reptile repellant on the ground for effect.
Despite the coalition efforts to create a united front, it will be almost impossible for them to get the votes they need to elect a PM, said Aaron Connelly, Singapore-based research fellow at the Institute for International and Strategic Studies.
They “seem to be laying down a marker, claiming the legitimacy to oppose the junta in the next Parliament”, he told AFP.
Initial results have been plagued by controversy after the Election Commission (EC) unexpectedly said it would delay the final count.
The head of Future Forward, a newly-formed party that targeted first-time millennial voters, urged a swift tally of votes across the country.
“We are calling for the EC to perform its duty in a free and fair manner,” the party’s telegenic billionaire leader Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit said yesterday after joining the coalition. — AFP