LONDON • A no-deal Brexit is more likely to require an easing than a tightening of monetary policy, according to Bank of England (BoE) policymaker Gertjan Vlieghe (picture).
The comments, made in a speech in London yesterday, are the clearest indication yet given by a member of the Monetary Policy Committee as to how policymakers would react should the UK leave the European Union without a deal on March 29.
In a dovish speech, Vlieghe also said even if the UK secures a deal, weakness in the economy means that a slower pace of hikes will be needed in coming years, downgrading his outlook to one hike per year, from “one or two” previously.
Signs of a further slowdown in recent weeks mean even this outlook has downside risks, and that he “can probably wait to see evidence of growth stabilising and inflation pressure rising before considering the next hike in bank rate”.
The vote to leave has cost the UK about £800 million (RM4.07 billion) per week since June 2016, or about 2% of GDP. While officials have always said that Brexit could have implications in both directions for monetary policy, previous comments, notably by governor Mark Carney, have focused more on the risk of the potential need for rate hikes should the UK crash out without a deal.
Vlieghe’s view chimes more with the views of investors and economists, who said it would be difficult for officials to hike rates in such a chaotic situation.
“In the case of a no-deal scenario I judge that an easing or an extended pause in monetary policy is more likely to be the appropriate policy response than a tightening,” Vlieghe said. “We will have to judge in real time how well inflation expectations remain anchored, and how households and businesses are reacting to the disruptions.”
The economy has been weaker relative to what it could have been with a remain vote in the 2016 referendum, Vlieghe said. That weakness was primarily due to the slowing in global growth, reduced consumer spending power and sluggish business investment, he said.
“As we approach the March 2019 deadline without a clear way forward, concerns have intensified and investment has weakened further,” he said.
Still, Vlieghe added that he wasn’t making a political judgment of Brexit, and that political considerations don’t enter into the BoE’s decisionmaking.
“We don’t need to be popular,” Vlieghe said.
Meanwhile, UK Prime Minister Theresa May faced a revolt from pro- Brexit Conservatives yesterday evening in a vote to give her more time to secure changes to the divorce accord with the EU.
Though non-binding, a loss risked undermining her credibility in negotiations with the bloc. — Bloomberg