India mulls RM40b spending to pay farmers

To ease their burden, Modi’s govt plans to combine all farm subsidies, and instead pay farmers cash

NEW DELHI • India is considering a plan to transfer cash to farmers to ease their financial burden instead of offering subsidies, people with knowledge of the matter said.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government is planning to combine all farm subsidies, including fertiliser costs, and instead pay farmers cash, the people said, asking not to be identified as the discussions aren’t public. The additional cost will be limited to 700 billion rupees (RM40.28 billion) annually after a full roll-out of the programme, the people said. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley had budgeted 701 billion rupees for farm subsidies in the year ending March 31.

Finance Ministry spokesman DS Malik didn’t respond to two calls made to his mobile phone.

The plan for the handout comes after the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was voted out in key state elections last month, forcing Modi to draw up a course correction before federal polls due by May. The government, which has already exceeded the annual budget deficit target, has little room for spending in the current year, having forgone some tax revenue on goods and services following the defeat.

The additional spending won’t impact the nation’s fiscal deficit for the current year ending March 31, the people said. The rupee and bonds rebounded after the report pegged the cost lower than the over two trillion rupees estimated initially.

While the government had forecast a budget deficit of 3.3% of GDP for the current fiscal year, economists expect India to miss the goal for a second year in a row as the administration gives into populist pressures.

Modi, who is seeking a second term, has to win over discontented farmers before the election. They have been hit by falling crop prices and rising input costs, prompting thousands of them to protest in the street to seek debt waivers.

At the same time, the Opposition Indian National Congress has raised pressure on the government to act after it waived off farm loans following victories against the BJP in three states last month.

Investors will be keen to know where the additional funds will come from. While the government’s small savings pool is likely to make up for some of the shortfall, it may look to the Reserve Bank of India for additional funds by way of an interim dividend.

“It is not unusual to observe socially supportive fiscal measures being introduced at this point in the election cycle,” said Andrew Wood, a credit analyst at S&P Global Ratings in Singapore. — Bloomberg