LONDON • Before its agreement to cut oil supplies even started, OPEC’s production plunged by the most in almost two years last month.
In a sign of the urgency felt by the cartel amid tumbling crude prices, leading member Saudi Arabia throttled back production, according to a Bloomberg survey of officials, analysts and ship-tracking data. The group’s pact to curb output only formally started this week.
The kingdom’s deliberate cutbacks were compounded by unplanned losses in Iran, which is being targeted by US sanctions, and in Libya, where protests halted the biggest oil field.
As a result, oil output from OPEC fell 530,000 barrels a day to 32.6 million a day last month. It’s the sharpest pullback since January 2017, when the group first embarked on its strategy to clear the glut created by rising supplies of US shale oil.
A global coalition of oil producers known as OPEC+, which comprises both members of the group and other exporters including Russia, agreed on Dec 7 to reduce output during the first six months of 2019. Crude prices failed to rally however, and instead slumped to the lowest in more than a year.
Brent crude futures climbed as much as 5.1% on Wednesday as shipping data showed Saudi Arabia was delivering its announced cutbacks. It traded at US$55.74 (RM230.76) a barrel at 5:52pm in London yesterday.
That’s about 35% below the four-year peak reached in early October.
Investors remain concerned that OPEC+ isn’t cutting enough to make way for another surge of supply anticipated from shale oil drillers in America. They’re also increasingly worried that a slowing global economy, coupled with the US-China trade dispute, will hit fuel demand and swell the pile-up of unwanted crude.
“Slowdown fears” are “putting more pressure on OPEC to stabilise the petroleum markets”, said Phil Flynn, a markets analyst at Price Futures Group Inc. “So, let the cuts begin.”
The Saudis curtailed production by 420,000 barrels a day to 10.65 million last month, from a record of just above 11 million reached in November, the survey showed. Energy Minister Khalid Al-Falih has promised to cut even deeper this month, going beyond the reductions the kingdom signed up to.
Even with the pre-emptive Saudi cutbacks, OPEC has plenty of work still to do to fulfil its promises. The 11 members bound by the deal committed to an overall cut of 800,000 barrels a day, mostly from their October levels, while their non-OPEC partners pledged a decrease of 400,000 barrels a day.
Production from those 11 countries is now 140,000 barrels a day below their October level, so they would need to cut about another 660,000 barrels a day to implement the agreement.
Countries which last month rushed to maximise oil exports before the agreement took effect will now need to reverse those increases.
Iraq, which bridled at the requirement to cut shipments last year, bolstered output by 130,000 barrels a day in December to 4.7 million a day, according to the survey. The United Arab Emirates, which has been expanding production capacity, also increased output.