China Inc to suffer more defaults in 2019 as profits stall


BEIJING • China’s stimulus policies may not be enough to jump-start profit growth at the nation’s corporations, raising the prospects of more debt defaults next year, analysts said.

The world’s second-largest economy is expected to expand 6.2% in 2019 from 6.6% this year. Profits among industrial companies grew the least in seven months in October.

The data don’t bode well for corporations’ ability to service their debts in 2019 after a record year of local bond failures in 2018.

“As credit lending and property sales are slowing down, private firms will face increasing liquidity pressure if their ability to make a profit worsens,” said Cindy Huang, an analyst from S&P Global Ratings.

“Supportive measures since the third quarter did not reverse the rising default trend in November, meaning such easing policies may only benefit publicly traded companies or industrial champions.”

What’s adding to the cash strains is a bond maturity wall of 3.5 trillion yuan (RM2.12 trillion) faced by China’s non-financial companies in the coming year. The number will grow by 36% if put options are exercised, further putting pressure to companies’ cashflow.

Chinese firms have defaulted on 108 billion yuan of local notes in 2018, more than triple the tally last year.

Chinese President Xi Jinping in November repeated “unwavering” support for the private economy and pledged more measures such as tax cuts and financial support.

The central bank in October announced a 150 billion-yuan increase in financing as part of its plans to support private firms.

Below are analyst views on China’s default outlook in 2019.

S&P’s Huang: Upstream companies in the commodity sector may face liquidity pressure as oil and commodity prices drop; investors should also be cautious about small property developers due to a sales slowdown and refinancing difficulties.

Mo Qian, head of fixed income research from HFT Investment Management Co: Credit risks in China will likely diverge in 2019, because weaker firms will continue to generate lower profits, while easing measures can alleviate refinancing difficulties for stronger ones.

Defaults on publicly sold bonds from local government financing vehicles (LGFVs) are less likely, as infrastructure investments are booming, but investors should pay heed to those that may have engaged in illegal financing in places such as the northeastern region and Guizhou province.

Chen Su, bond portfolio manager at Qingdao Rural Commercial Bank Co: Default risks have not shown signs of abating, and it takes time for market sentiment to improve further as some investors still only prefer bonds sold by companies that have already secured bank support.

Small property builders and “zombie LGFVs” that have loose business connections with public utility sector may face more credit risks.

Here is a look at what happened in 2018. China’s energy firms have contributed the most to a record run in domestic bond delinquencies so far this year, with oil firm CEFC Shanghai International Group Ltd and coal miner Wintime Energy Co being the top defaulters, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.

The energy sector has defaulted on 46.4 billion yuan of local notes, followed by consumer companies that missed 31 billion yuan of bond repayment.

By regions, Shanghai witnessed the most defaults with 29.7 billion yuan of bond failures.

CEFC Shanghai missed repayments on 25.1 billion yuan of bonds, accounting for 84.5% of total defaults in Shanghai.

The Shanxi (16.5 billion yuan) and Zhejiang (10.3 billion yuan) provinces took the second and third spot.

Wintime Energy is headquartered in the coal-rich Shanxi province, and defaulter Neoglory Holdings Group Co Ltd, which trades accessories and furniture, is based in Zhejiang.

In 2017, the top two regions with corporate defaults were Beijing and Inner Mongolia.

China’s credit market performance has been diverging for the most part of 2018, as spreads between three-year AAA and AA- rated corporate notes widened from 150 basis points at the end of 2017 to 260 basis points on Monday, according to Bloomberg-compiled data.