China shows slowdown hint while factories still hum

The mixed data confirm a picture of an economy already in a gradual cyclical slowdown


BEIJING • China’s economic momentum broadly held up in April with industrial production exceeding forecasts, though slowing investment signalled a moderation in the coming months.

Industrial output rose 7% in April from a year earlier, the statistics bureau said yesterday, versus a projected 6.4% in a Bloomberg survey and 6% in March. Retail sales expanded 9.4% from a year earlier, versus a forecast 10%, Fixed-asset investment rose 7% year-on-year in the first four months, compared to an estimated 7.4%.

The reports are among the first official readings unaffected by the Chinese New Year holiday, which skewed year-on-year comparisons for the first three months.

The mixed data confirm a picture of an economy already in a gradual cyclical slowdown, at a time when it is facing risks ranging from trade tensions with the US to an ongoing campaign to curb excessive debt.

“Regulatory tightening in China’s financial system is starting to drag on growth,” said Frederic Neumann, co-head of Asian economics research at HSBC Holdings plc in Hong Kong. “Fixed-asset investment, especially infrastructure, may slow further in the coming months as tighter financial regulations, especially regarding shadow banking, are starting to bite.”

A key indicator of performance for the rest of the year lies in the real estate sector.

Property development investment in the first four months expanded 10.3% from the same period a year earlier.

“Infrastructure investment has been slowing for a while but property investment is still holding up and we’re not expecting that to slow until going into the second half of this year,” said Donna Kwok, a senior China economist at UBS Group AG in Hong Kong, in a Bloomberg Television interview.

“Moderation is underway but it’s taking its time.”

The slowdown in infrastructure investment is partly due to government efforts to slow wasteful public-private joint investment and curb local government debt, said National Statistics Bureau spokeswoman Liu Aihua at a briefing in Beijing.

“Policymakers appear to be taking few chances, with a reserve requirement ratio cut, a weaker yuan, and a slightly different inflection in official statements all flagging a progrowth tilt,” Bloomberg economists Fielding Chen and Tom Orlik wrote in a report.

There are clouds on the horizon for exports, said Rajiv Biswas, chief Asia-Pacific economist at IHS Markit in Singapore.

The Caixin Media Co and Markit Economics Ltd manufacturing gauge’s reading for booked shipments dropped to the weakest level since June 2016 last month and the sub-indexes of an official manufacturing gauge tracking new export orders both declined.