Euro reforms kick off with Juncker proposals

The aim is to stake out proposals including for a euro-area budget line, a dedicated finance minister


BRUSSELS • The European Union (EU) outlined proposals to strengthen the euro-area, a set of reforms already raising eyebrows in EU capitals as governments struggled to identify common ground on how to boost the resilience of the currency bloc.

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker presented the plans in Brussels yesterday, the EU executive arm’s contribution to a broader discussion across the 19-country currency union on ways to ensure it can better withstand future financial shocks. The aim is to stake out proposals including for a euro-area budget line, a dedicated finance minister and an overhaul for the region’s bailout fund before next week’s summit of European leaders tasked with drawing a road map toward reaching an agreement in June.

Helped by a growing economy and a string of election defeats for euro-sceptic populists, the EU and its currency bloc have been enjoying their strongest momentum since the financial crisis. That’s created a unique window of opportunity European officials want to use to pursue reforms and deepen the ties between euroarea economies.

This push gained new momentum with the election in May of President Emmanuel Macron in France, a staunch proponent of closer integration.

But while consensus has emerged on the need to take further steps to strengthen the single currency, significant differences persist among the bloc’s members and the commission.

Pierre Moscovici, the EU commissioner for economic affairs, said the upcoming plan was underpinned by two guidelines.

“First, that the unity of Europe through greater convergence has to be pushed further forward, within the euro-area and at the European level across the board,” he said on Monday.

“Second, that the governance of the euro-area should be more democratic and more effective.”

Germany, the EU’s biggest economy, will have to play along with efforts to strengthen the euro-area, EU budget commissioner Guenther Oettinger, a member of Chancellor Angela Merkel’s party, said in a ZDF television interview yesterday.

“The chancellor wants us to complete the monetary union,” he said. “It’s clear that every member country, including Germany, will have to be ready to make compromises.”

Key among the commission’s plans will be a proposal to expand the role of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) — the euro-area’s Luxembourg- based bailout fund — giving it more powers while also bringing it within the EU’s legal framework. Set up at the peak of the sovereign debt crisis, the ESM is run by euroarea countries which also provided the fund with over €80 billion (RM384.8 billion) in paid-in capital.

ESM Control
While the bloc’s governments agree the ESM needs to be strengthened and transformed into a type of European Monetary Fund (EMF), with greater powers over the design and implementation of euro-area bailouts, they’re unlikely to favour ceding control to the commission.

“I do like the idea of strengthening the ESM and turning it into the EMF, while keeping its ownership held by the member states and not make it an institutionalised instrument,” Latvian Finance Minister Dana Reizniece-Ozola said in a Bloomberg Television interview.

Euro Budget
Another proposal would seek the creation of a dedicated line in the EU budget for the euro-area.

This could serve multiple purposes, including a mechanism to help in case of economic shocks, as well as providing funds for structural reforms and for countries that are working toward joining the currency area.

That option could face opposition both from countries such as France, which would like to see a dedicated euro-area budget to boost investment, and from those including Germany that have voiced scepticism on the need for any such a mechanism at all.

Euro Minister
Another plan the commission is expected to present would see the creation of a finance minister for the euro-area who would also be an EU commissioner and president of the Eurogroup — the body made up of euro-area finance ministers.

This proposal will also likely be received with scepticism from the bloc’s finance chiefs, who prefer to have one of their own preside over their meetings and resist ceding more power to Brussels.

Other proposals will look at the bloc’s fiscal rules as well as future steps for the completion of the banking union — a set of new structures and regulations that centralise the supervision and resolution framework for the region’s biggest lenders.