US officially launches investigation of China’s IP

WASHINGTON • US Trade Representative (USTR) Robert Lighthizer officially started a probe into China’s intellectual-property (IP) practices, less than a week after President Donald Trump asked him to consider the move.

The US will investigate China’s poicies and practices related to technology transfer, IP and innovation to determine if the behaviour is “unreasonable or discriminatory” or restricts US commerce, Lighthizer said lastFriday in a statement.

“After consulting with stake-holders and other government agencies, I have determined that these critical issues merit a thorough investigation,” Lighthizer said.

Trump last Monday signed an executive memo directing USTR to consider probing China’s IP practices under Section 301 of the 1974 Trade Act. The provision gives the president broad authority to impose tariffs on foreign goods, though such unilateral action has rarely been used since the creation of the World Trade Organisation in 1995, according to trade experts.

The IP issue is the latest source  of tension between the world’s two  biggest economies, which have seen relations cool since Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping bonded on  a visit to the former’s Mar-a-Lago resort earlier this year. The probe threatens  to further complicate the countries’ efforts to contain North Korea’s nuclear threat.

China’s Ministry of Commerce responded last Tuesday to Trump’s memo with a statement saying it “will resort to all proper measures” to defend its rights if the US disregards multilateral rules and hurts bilateral trade.

USTR said an inter-agency panel will hold a public hearing on Oct 10, and  it invited those interested in the issue  to submit comments by Sept 28. USTR has argued in the past that Beijing uses a range of practices to force US companies to transfer IP, such as by granting regulatory approvals to drug makers that shift production to China or requiring that the designs of foreign products be replicable in China.

“It’s my duty and responsibility to protect the American workers’ techno– logy and industry from unfair and abusive actions,” Trump said at the White House last Monday. “We will stand up to any country that unlawfully forces American companies to transfer their valuable technology as a condition of market access. We will combat the counterfeiting and piracy that destroys American jobs.” — Bloomberg